Client: US Army Community and Family Support, Fort Eustis, VA
General Smalls Inn (formally Transportation Inn) is a 366-room, four-story hotel with a 5th floor that serves as an exercise floor and houses the mechanical rooms. The Inn is a “home-away-from-home” for transient troops.
The full height glazing at the lobby façade is a glass-roofed walkway cover with BP Solar photovoltaic glazing panels leading from the porte-cochere and extending into the lobby as a glazed skylight roof. Additional skylights are also provided in the lobby ceiling for better light distribution.
Mechanical features consist of an air-cooled chiller, two gas fired hot water boilers, PTAC units, and fan coil units. Due to the Force Protection requirement that no outside air be brought into the facility less than 10’ above grade, two 100% outside air units were designed to be installed in the fifth floor mechanical rooms. A heat recovery system was able to decrease total chiller size by 20 tons. Electrical features consist of a closed circuit television system, duress alarm system, complete fire alarm system, mass notification system, cable/satellite TV system, communications system, property management system, lightning protection system, and a standby engine-generator set.
The landscape design budget for the nearly 20-acre site was $425,000, and incorporated sustainable design as well as force protection and anti-terrorism concepts. The landscape plan was based on three main themes:
- Reflect the history and previous “park-like” condition of the site,
- Enhance the use and aesthetic experience of the Inn, and
- Employ conservation landscaping principals to support the natural environment.
Many original trees were preserved, including a 48” oak, and incorporated into the landscape plan.
Sidewalks edged with flowering perennial beds meander through the site and planting selections provide four seasons of color, multiple textures and visual interest. Plant selection and placement is based upon conserving water, reducing the need for fertilizer and pesticide use, creating diversity for wildlife, using indigenous varieties, and planting for the long term by selecting low-maintenance and non-invasive species. No irrigation or pesticides are required for landscape maintenance. Plantings around the stormwater management pond create a visually vibrant focal point; but the pond is lined with holly varieties to discourage and protect children from wandering too close to the water’s edge.